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How to Prove Negligence in a Slip and Fall Case in North Carolina

Establishing Negligence in a Slip and Fall Case in North Carolina

Slip and fall accidents can occur anywhere, from grocery stores to sidewalks, and often result in serious injuries. Proving negligence is necessary when pursuing compensation for injuries resulting from a slip and fall accident. Understanding the legal principles and steps involved in proving negligence can substantially impact the outcome of your case.

Duty of Care

The first step is establishing that the property owner owed you a duty of care. Duty of care refers to a person or entity’s obligation to act reasonably and carefully to avoid causing harm to others. Property owners must keep their premises in a reasonably safe condition for visitors. This may include regularly inspecting the premises for hazards, promptly repairing dangerous conditions, and warning visitors about known risks. This duty applies to both business owners and homeowners. If it can be shown that a breach of duty caused harm to another person, liability for negligence can result. For example, if a property owner fails to address a known hazard, such as a slippery floor, and someone is injured, the property owner may be held responsible for negligence for breaching their duty of care.

Breach of Duty

Breach of duty refers to the failure to meet the level of care required under specific circumstances. The standard of care represents the level of caution, prudence, and diligence that a reasonable person would exercise in similar circumstances to avoid causing harm to others. Breach of duty could include not cleaning up spills promptly, failing to repair damaged flooring, or not providing adequate warning signs for hazardous conditions. Several factors are considered when establishing a breach of duty.

Standard of Care

The first step is determining the standard of care owed in the particular situation. The standard of care specifies whether an individual or entity has met their duty of care to others. It represents the level of caution and diligence that a reasonable person would exercise in similar circumstances.
The standard of care depends on many factors, including the relationship between the parties, industry standards, and any relevant laws or regulations. The relationship of the parties involved can influence the standard of care owed. For example, a doctor owes their patients a higher standard of care than a casual bystander. In certain professions or industries, there are established standards of care that individuals or entities are expected to adhere to. These standards are often based on industry best practices and guidelines. Laws and regulations may establish specific standards of care that individuals or entities must meet in certain situations. For example, building codes may dictate safety standards for construction projects.


The standard of care is often based on what a reasonable person would do in similar circumstances. This involves considering the foreseeable risks, the likelihood of harm, and the practicality of taking precautions to prevent injury. If a particular harm was foreseeable, a higher standard of care may be required.


Next, the conduct of the individual or entity in question is evaluated to determine whether it meets the standard of care. This involves assessing what actions were taken or not taken to reduce potential risks. The level of awareness of the hazard is also crucial in assessing conduct. If the individual or entity knew or should have known about the dangerous condition but failed to take appropriate action, it may indicate a breach of duty.


Foreseeability is critical in determining whether a breach of duty occurred. It refers to the idea that a reasonable person would have anticipated the potential risks and taken steps to prevent harm. Establishing a breach of duty may be more difficult if the harm was not foreseeable. In essence, if harm was reasonably foreseeable, a duty to take precautions to prevent that harm arises.


Finally, there must be a direct causal link between the breach of duty and the harm suffered by the injured party. It must be shown that the breach of duty was a significant factor in causing the injury or damages. A connection between the property owner’s breach of duty and your slip and fall injuries must be established. This means showing that the dangerous condition on the property caused your accident and resulting injuries.

Strengthen Your Case

Strengthening your case in a slip and fall claim involves thorough preparation, gathering compelling evidence, and presenting a persuasive argument to demonstrate the property owner’s negligence.

Document the Incident

Document the slip and fall accident scene with photos or video. This evidence can help establish the hazardous conditions that led to your slip and fall. Gathering statements and contact information from any witnesses can be valuable evidence in proving negligence. Keep any clothing or shoes you wore during the accident to represent physical evidence of the slip and fall. Keep any records related to medical treatment and expenses. This evidence can help support your claim for damages.

Seek Medical Attention

Prompt medical attention is essential, even if your injuries seem minor. Not only is this important for your health, but a record of your injuries is created that can be used as evidence.

Consult with a Personal Injury Attorney at The Joel Bieber Firm

Have you suffered injuries following a slip and fall accident due to the negligence of an individual or entity? You may be entitled to compensation for your injuries, medical expenses, and other losses. At The Joel Bieber Firm, we understand the challenges associated with a slip and fall accident. Our experienced team is here to help you seek justice and receive the compensation you deserve. Contact The Joel Bieber Firm today at 866-891-7225 to schedule a free consultation.